Apollo XI and beyond!

Thanks to the keen eye of a 13 year old, the Libraries received four Apollo Program training publications on the lunar module written and donated by Mr. Carl Klempner, a former Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation employee. On a recent visit to the National Air and Space Museum to see the lunar module exhibit which Grumman configured to accurately represent the Eagle, Klempner’s grandson was quick to recommend the museum as the proper place for his grandfather’s publications to be preserved. As Apollo XI’s lunar module Eagle descended to  the moon’s Sea of Tranquility during the first manned lunar landing on July 20, 1969, NASA astronaut Neil Armstong, observing that the spacecraft’s programmed landing profile would set the spacecraft down, very likely disastrously, in an area densely littered with boulders, made a decision to override the propulsion and reaction control subsystem computers of  the lunar module and manually pilot the Eagle during the final seconds of its descent.  Firing the lunar module’s reaction control thrusters to move the spacecraft past the more »

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