In celebration of Black History Month, we would like to highlight five notable African American librarians. This post was written by Anacostia Community Museum librarian, Baasil Wilder.
Five African American Librarians who have made significant contributions to librarianship in America by transforming our profession and paving the way for all races:
Elonnie Junius Josey (January 20, 1924-July 3, 2009)
E. J. Josey was the founder of the Black Caucus of the American Library Association (ALA) and the ALA’s second Black president (1984-85). He was also Professor Emeritus, Department of Library and Information Science, School of Library and Information Sciences, University of Pittsburgh. In 1970, he edited the pioneering book The Black Librarian in America. He was head of the library at Savannah State, and he directed the library of Delaware State College, Dover.
Edward Christopher Williams (1871-1929)
E.C. Williams was the first African American professional librarian in the nation. He was head librarian at Western Reserve University, and University Librarian of Howard University (from 1916 to 1929).
Regina M. Anderson Andrews (May 21, 1901-February 5, 1993)
R. M. Anderson Andrews was a prominent force in the creation of the movement known as the Harlem Renaissance. She was a professional librarian for the New York City Library. She attended Columbia University where she obtained her Masters of Library Science.
Arnaud Wendell Bontemps (October 13, 1902-June 4, 1973)
In 1943 A. W. Bontemps earned his master’s degree in library science from the University of Chicago. At Fisk University, he became head librarian, a post he held until 1964. Bontemps became a leading figure in establishing African-American literature as a legitimate object of study and preservation.
Dr. Sadie Peterson Delaney (1889-1958)
S. P. Delaney was a pioneer in the field of bibliotherapy and organized the Veterans Administration Hospital Library in Tuskegee, Alabama. She assumed the post of Chief Librarian at the Veterans Hospital in 1923.
Websites consulted include:
Elonnie Junius Josey
Edward Christopher Williams
Regina M. Anderson Andrews
Arnaud Wendell Bontemps
Dr. Sadie Peterson Delaney